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Genetically distinct genogroup IV norovirus strains identified in wastewater

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Title: Genetically distinct genogroup IV norovirus strains identified in wastewater
Authors: Kitajima, Masaaki Browse this author
Rachmadi, Andri T. Browse this author →ORCID
Iker, Brandon C. Browse this author
Haramoto, Eiji Browse this author
Gerba, Charles P. Browse this author
Keywords: Norovirus
Wastewater treatment plant
Seminested PCR
Genetic diversity
Issue Date: Dec-2016
Publisher: Springer
Journal Title: Archives of virology
Volume: 161
Issue: 12
Start Page: 3521
End Page: 3525
Publisher DOI: 10.1007/s00705-016-3036-z
PMID: 27586415
Abstract: We investigated the prevalence and genetic diversity of genogroup IV norovirus (GIV NoV) strains in wastewater in Arizona, United States, over a 13-month period. Among 50 wastewater samples tested, GIV NoVs were identified in 13 (26 %) of the samples. A total of 47 different GIV NoV strains were identified, which were classified into two genetically distinct clusters: the GIV.1 human cluster and a unique genetic cluster closely related to strains previously identified in Japanese wastewater. The results provide additional evidence of the considerable genetic diversity among GIV NoV strains through the analysis of wastewater containing virus strains shed from all populations.
Rights: The final publication is available at Springer via
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:工学院・工学研究院 (Graduate School of Engineering / Faculty of Engineering) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 北島 正章

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