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The beneficial effects of game-based exercise using age-appropriate tennis lessons on the executive functions of 6-12-year-old children

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タイトル: The beneficial effects of game-based exercise using age-appropriate tennis lessons on the executive functions of 6-12-year-old children
著者: Ishihara, Toru 著作を一覧する
Sugasawa, Shigemi 著作を一覧する
Matsuda, Yusuke 著作を一覧する
Mizuno, Masao 著作を一覧する
キーワード: Sports activity
Cognitive engaging exercise
Inhibitory control
Working memory
Cognitive flexibility
発行日: 2017年 3月 6日
出版者: Elsevier
誌名: Neuroscience letters
巻: 642
開始ページ: 97
終了ページ: 101
出版社 DOI: 10.1016/j.neulet.2017.01.057
抄録: This study evaluated the effects of two different types of tennis lessons-those involving a technique-based approach (TBA) and those involving a game-based approach (PLAY + STAY [P + S])-on the executive functions (EFs) of junior tennis players. Eighty-one tennis players (6-12 years old) were recruited and assigned to one of three groups: TBA, P + S, or watching TV (CONT). Subjects completed evaluations of EFs (inhibitory control, working memory, and cognitive flexibility) before and after 50 min programs. The overall score for EFs improved significantly for both the P + S and TBA groups but not for the CONT group; indeed the CONT group showed no improvement in overall EFs. Furthermore, the overall EF score improved more for P + S participants than for those in TBA. Looking at components of EFs, the pattern for inhibitory control reflected the pattern for the overall EF index: Improvement in the P + S and TBA groups but not in the CONT group. Only the P + S group improved in working memory. Thus, playing tennis and practicing isolated tennis skills both improved EFs of junior players more than did watching TV, and game-based tennis lessons seem to hold more promise for improving EFs than drills of tennis skills. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Rights: © 2017. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
資料タイプ: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/71656
出現コレクション:雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

提供者: 石原 暢

 

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