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Improved executive functions in 6-12-year-old children following cognitively engaging tennis lessons

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Title: Improved executive functions in 6-12-year-old children following cognitively engaging tennis lessons
Authors: Ishihara, Toru Browse this author
Sugasawa, Shigemi Browse this author
Matsuda, Yusuke Browse this author
Mizuno, Masao Browse this author
Keywords: Sports activity
inhibitory control
working memory
game-based exercise
coordination training
Issue Date: 16-Nov-2016
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Journal Title: Journal of sports sciences
Volume: 35
Issue: 20
Start Page: 2014
End Page: 2020
Publisher DOI: 10.1080/02640414.2016.1250939
PMID: 27849444
Abstract: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the relationships between cognitively engaging exercise (i.e., game-based and coordination exercises), executive functions (i.e., inhibitory control and working memory), and physical fitness. Forty junior tennis players (6-12years old), who regularly participated in tennis lessons (2.55years, SD=1.61) prior to the study, were investigated. All participants completed evaluations of executive functions (inhibitory control and working memory) at rest. The duration of each lessons' instructional activities, including coordination training, game-based exercise, rallying, and non-physical activity (explanations and breaks), was recorded. Physical fitness was evaluated using the Tennis Field Test. A longer duration of game-based exercise was positively correlated with inhibitory control and physical fitness. Coordination training was associated with improved working memory. Non-physical activity was inversely correlated with inhibitory control, working memory, and physical fitness. The results suggest that game-based tennis lessons have beneficial effects on inhibitory control and physical fitness levels, and a longer duration of coordination training is associated with better working memory. The present study indicates that shortened non-physical activity time within a sports setting is associated with the development of executive functions and physical fitness.
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:教育学院・教育学研究院 (Graduate School of Education / Faculty of Education) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 石原 暢


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