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北海道大学大学院教育学研究院紀要 = Bulletin of Faculty of Education, Hokkaido University >
第134号 >


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Title: 中学生の学年移行期における学校生活享受感と欠席行動との関連
Other Titles: Relationships between school enjoyment and absence behavior in the context of transition across grade levels in junior high school
Authors: 侯, 月江1 Browse this author
太田, 正義2 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
加藤, 弘通3 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Authors(alt): Hou, Yuejiang1
Ota, Masayoshi2
Kato, Hiromichi3
侯, 玥江1
Keywords: 欠席行動
Absence behavior
Transition across grade levels
School enjoyment
School non-attendance
Bayes statistics
Issue Date: 27-Jun-2019
Publisher: 北海道大学大学院教育学研究院
Journal Title: 北海道大学大学院教育学研究院紀要
Journal Title(alt): Bulletin of Faculty of Education, Hokkaido University
Volume: 134
Start Page: 1
End Page: 15
Abstract: 不登校児童生徒の割合は,とりわけ中学校1年生と中学校2年生において顕著に増加する。本研究はこの問題を受けて,学年移行期における欠席行動の説明要因を明らかにすることを主たる目的とする。具体的には,学校適応状態の指標である学校享受感を移行前後で測定し,そのレベルと変化が移行後の欠席行動と関連するのかを,短期縦断調査によって検討した。1年生に進級した484名,2年生に進級した543名を対象に調査を行った結果,(1)1年生,2年生への移行前後において,学校享受感のレベルと変化には個人差があることが示された。(2)学年移行後の欠席日数はゼロ過剰ポアソン分布に従う可能性が示された。(3)欠席行動の有無には,学校享受感のレベルと変化の両方が影響していることが確認された。これらの結果を受けて,学年移行期における不登校の予防に向けて,学校享受感の視点から支援方策について考察した。
In Japan, school non-attendance remarkably increases in 1st and 2nd grade of junior high school. The present study was aimed to investigate the factors that influenced absence behaviors in the new school year of secondary school. To be specific, firstly we measured students’ school enjoyment before and after the school year transition, which made a two-wave longitudinal research. Then the mechanism was discussed that level and change of school enjoyment influenced absence behavior. As a result of the analysis of 484 students who transited to the 1st grade and 543 students who transited to the 2nd grade of junior high school, we figured out as following. (1) There were significant individual differences in the level and change of school enjoyment during the school year transition. (2) The data of school absence behavior was verified to fit the zero-inflated poisson distribution well. (3) Both level and change of school enjoyment were examined to affect absence behavior in new school year. The higher level school enjoyment remained, or the more school enjoyment improved, the less possible the student would conduct the absence behavior. Based on the results, support measures were discussed in order to prevent the phenomenon of school non-attendance.
Type: bulletin (article)
Appears in Collections:北海道大学大学院教育学研究院紀要 = Bulletin of Faculty of Education, Hokkaido University > 第134号

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