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子ども発達臨床研究 = The Annual Report of Research and Clinical Center for Child Development >
第14号 >


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Title: トルコにおけるシリア難民の子どもの現状と発達障害支援の課題
Other Titles: Situation of Syrian refugee children in Turkey and the challenges in supporting children with intellectual disabilities
Authors: 小原, 啓吾1 Browse this author
岡田, 智2 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
景平, 義文3 Browse this author
吉川, 剛史4 Browse this author
Özel, Dilara Browse this author
Authors(alt): Obara, Keigo1
Okada, Satoshi2
Kagehira, Yoshifumi3
Yoshikawa, Takefumi4
Issue Date: 25-Mar-2020
Publisher: 北海道大学大学院教育学研究院附属子ども発達臨床研究センター
Journal Title: 子ども発達臨床研究
Journal Title(alt): Annual Report of Research and Clinical Center for Child Development
Volume: 14
Start Page: 33
End Page: 47
Abstract:  2019年10月に、小原及び岡田は国際NGO AAR Japanがトルコで運営するシリア難民のためのコミュニティセンターへの訪問と、シリア難民の子どものいる家族へのインタビュー、トルコの学校臨床や難民支援の研究者との交流の機会を得た。本稿では、フィールドワークを通して、トルコでのシリア難民の子どもたちの状況やその発達支援を改善する可能性について把握しようと試みた。また、現地トルコで子どもや女性のシリア難民支援を行っているAAR Japanの吉川氏の協力を得てAAR Japanの活動について報告をしてもらった。さらに、トルコの学校やスクールカウンセリングの調査研究を行っているMiddle East Technical University のÖzel氏にもトルコの学校でのシリア難民の受け入れ状況について寄稿してもらった。フィールドワーク及び現地研究者・支援者からのレポートからは、神経発達的問題(特に認知発達)や心理的問題などが、生活困窮、多言語の問題や過密化する教室の問題に圧倒され、焦点化されない実情が垣間見えた。難民の流入で公共サービスが過密化・多様化する状況では、シリア難民の居住区は増え、学校にもシリア難民が増大していくがその一方で、地域は希薄化し、より一層難民家族が孤立していく。国連機関による自治体支援やAARなどのNGOによるコミュニティセンターはこのようなギャップを埋める可能性があり、発達障害やスクールカウンセリングの専門家と連携して子どもの診断・ニーズの把握・支援体制の構築を行うことで状況の改善につながるのではないかと考えられた。
In October 2019, Obara and Okada had an opportunity to visit a community center for Syrian refugees and host communities in Turkey run by AAR Japan, an international NGO and also to interview Syrian refugee families who have children. We also met with researchers working on school counselling and refugee assistance. Through a field work in Turkey, this report attempted to understand the current situation of Syrian refugee children in Turkey and the possibilities to improve child development support. Takefumi Yoshikawa from AAR Japan also provided a report on AAR Japan's support to Syrian refugee children and women in Turkey. Furthermore, Ms. Dilara Özel from the Middle Eastern Technical University who has been conducting researches on school counselling in Turkey provided a report on the current situation of Turkish schools receiving Syrian children. The field work and provided reports suggest that the neurodevelopmental issues (cognitive development in particular) and psychological challenges receive insufficient attention due to other overwhelming issues such as poverty, multilingual problems and overcrowded classrooms. While more Syrian refugees reside in local communities and the number of Syrian refugee students continue to increase, municipal services including school education are overburdened with increased and diversified demand. Failure in meeting such needs could negatively affect community integration and potentially lead to further isolation of refugees. Support to municipal services by the United Nations agencies and provision of community center services by NGOs such as AAR Japan have potential to fill such gaps and to improve the situation particularly through a collaboration with experts on child development and school counseling who can support the referral of children with cognitive disabilities, as well as identification their needs and the establishment of support mechanism.
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