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北海道大学大学院教育学研究院紀要 = Bulletin of Faculty of Education, Hokkaido University >
第138号 >

交替居住する孫をめぐる世代間関係 : スウェーデンにおける祖父母調査から

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Title: 交替居住する孫をめぐる世代間関係 : スウェーデンにおける祖父母調査から
Other Titles: Intergenerational relationships in the case of shared residence arrangement in Sweden
Authors: 小野寺, 理佳1 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Authors(alt): Onodera, Rika1
Keywords: 祖父母の役割
The roles of grandparents
Intergenerational relations
Shared residence
Issue Date: 25-Jun-2021
Publisher: 北海道大学大学院教育学研究院
Journal Title: 北海道大学大学院教育学研究院紀要
Journal Title(alt): Bulletin of Faculty of Education, Hokkaido University
Volume: 138
Start Page: 161
End Page: 179
Abstract:  本稿は「未成年子を養育する親の離婚」という状況における祖父母の働きを探るものである。その際,日本でも離婚後の共同親権・共同監護についての議論が進みつつあることをふまえ,既にこの制度が導入されているスウェーデンにおける世代間関係に着目した。2016年と2017年にスウェーデンのエステルスンド市とストックホルム市において,「交替居住」する(していた)孫をもつ祖父母10名を対象とするインタビューを行ない,家族観,孫とその親への支援や彼らとの交流の実態,世代間関係認識,支援や交流にまつわる葛藤や悩みを問うた。その結果,祖父母たちは,(1)世代間における新たなネットワークの創造という重要な働きを成していること,(2)個人の自立・自己決定という価値と,家族を第一に考えるメンタリティとの間でしばしば葛藤していること,(3)若い世代との交流によって高齢期における孤独・孤立の回避への期待をもっていること,が明らかになった。
 The objective of this paper is to explore the roles of grandparents in the case of "divorce of parents who raising minor children." In Japan, the discussion on joint legal custody and joint physical custody after divorce is just started. So, this paper focused on the grandchildren who under joint physical custody in Sweden, where joint physical custody is widely common. In 2016 and 2017, interviews were held in Östersund and Stockholm with 10 grandparents who have grandchildren with separated parents. After parental divorce, those grandchildren were or have been in a 'shared residence arrangement', i.e. joint physical custody where the child is sharing his or her time equally between two custodial parents’ homes. In the interviews, we asked grandparents about their family values, contents of support for grandchildren and their parents, frequency of interaction with them, recognition of intergenerational relationships, conflicts, and worries related to support and intergenerational interaction.  There are three findings from the interviews. (1) Grandparents play an important role in creating new networks between generations. (2) However, they are often torn between ideas that highly appreciate individual independence and self-determination and the mentality of putting the family first. (3) They also hope that by increasing interaction with the younger generation, they will not become lonely or isolated as they grow older. These findings suggest that it will be important to review the childcare environment of grandchildren from the perspective of multigenerational relationships.
Type: bulletin (article)
Appears in Collections:北海道大学大学院教育学研究院紀要 = Bulletin of Faculty of Education, Hokkaido University > 第138号

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