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北海道大学大学院教育学研究院紀要 = Bulletin of Faculty of Education, Hokkaido University >
第138号 >

外国人集住地域における多文化保育の現状とその背景 : 日本とスウェーデンの比較から

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Title: 外国人集住地域における多文化保育の現状とその背景 : 日本とスウェーデンの比較から
Other Titles: The present situation and background of multicultural childcare in a foreign settlement area : comparison of Japan and Sweden
Authors: 品川, ひろみ1 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Authors(alt): Shinagawa, Hiromi1
Keywords: 多文化保育
Multicultural childcare
Anti-bias curriculum
Issue Date: 25-Jun-2021
Publisher: 北海道大学大学院教育学研究院
Journal Title: 北海道大学大学院教育学研究院紀要
Journal Title(alt): Bulletin of Faculty of Education, Hokkaido University
Volume: 138
Start Page: 31
End Page: 54
Abstract:  本稿では日本国内において外国人が多い群馬県大泉町,東京都新宿区の保育士を対象として多文化保育の現状を検討した。その際,市民のおよそ25%が外国ルーツであるスウェーデン・ストックホルム市の保育を比較対象とした。保育士たちは外国人児童の保育について様々な困難を経験しているが90%近くが外国人児童の入所を肯定的に捉えている。その理由として外国人児童が入所することで,子どもたちの多様性を育むことができると考えていることがあげられる。しかし,日本の保育所保育指針等に多様性に関する項目は見当たらず,具体的な目標としては意識されにくい。さらに保育士たちの多文化保育の学修経験や研修の機会についても多くはない現状である。今後,多文化保育を一般化し,その質の向上を目指すためには,それらの課題に取り組む必要が示唆される。
 This study clarified the current state of multicultural childcare reported by nursery school teachers in Oizumi-machi, Gunma Prefecture and Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, where there are many foreign residents.   We also examined the desirable form of multicultural childcare in Japan.  In the research, we compared childcare in Stockholm, Sweden, where approximately 25% of the population has foreign roots.  The study explored nursery school teachers’ experiences with foreign children, the opportunities for education and training to support them, the current state of childcare that fosters diversity, and their appreciation of multicultural childcare.  The result showed that more than 90% of all the nursery school teachers had experience in providing child care to foreigners.  Nursery school teachers experienced various difficulties in caring for foreign children, but nearly 90% of them considered their experiences as positive.   This is because the nursery school teachers believe that the enrollment of foreign children helps to foster diversity among all the children.  However, Japan's childcare and related guidelines don’t have any sections on diversity; therefore, it is difficult to be aware of the importance of diversity as a specific goal. Furthermore, nursery school teachers don’t have many opportunities to learn and receive training in multicultural childcare.  It is suggested that in order to generalize and improve the quality of multicultural childcare in the future, it is necessary to address these issues.
Type: bulletin (article)
Appears in Collections:北海道大学大学院教育学研究院紀要 = Bulletin of Faculty of Education, Hokkaido University > 第138号

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