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科学技術コミュニケーション = Japanese Journal of Science Communication >
12号 >

記憶特性質問紙(MCQ)を用いた科学館体験の長期記憶に関する検討 : 科学館職員, 大学生, および高齢者の比較

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Title: 記憶特性質問紙(MCQ)を用いた科学館体験の長期記憶に関する検討 : 科学館職員, 大学生, および高齢者の比較
Other Titles: An Exploration on Long-term Memories of Visitors' Experiences in Science Museums Using the Memory Characteristics Questionnaire (MCQ) : A Comparison among Museum Staffs, University Students, and Elderly Adults
Authors: 清水, 寛之1 Browse this author
湯浅, 万紀子2 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Authors(alt): Shimizu, Hiroyuki1
Yuasa, Makiko2
Keywords: science museum
visitors' experience
long-term memory
Memory Characteristics Questionnaire (MCQ)
museum evaluation
Issue Date: Dec-2012
Publisher: 北海道大学 高等教育推進機構 高等教育研究部 科学技術コミュニケーション教育研究部門(CoSTEP)
Journal Title: 科学技術コミュニケーション
Journal Title(alt): Japanese Journal of Science Communication
Volume: 12
Start Page: 19
End Page: 30
Abstract: The purpose of the present study is to clarify the characteristics of long-term memories of visitors' experiences in science museums. A total of 812 adults (293 staffs of science museums, 421 undergraduate and graduate students, and 98 elderly adults), who had experiences of visits to science museums, participated in this study. The participants were asked to rate the actual long-term memories of the museums in a questionnaire including the Memory Characteristics Questionnaire (MCQ) consisting of the original 38 items and an item relating to the direct influence of the experience on the participants. The data of 692 participants (198 museum staffs, 413 students, and 81 elderly adults), out of the total, were performed with a factor analysis. It was found that the MCQ items were composed by five factors: (1) clarity, (2) meaningful interpretation, (3) sensory experiences, (4) temporal information and (5) feeling. The differential rating patterns for each factor in the three participant groups based on this factor structure of the MCQ were mainly discussed in terms of personal implication or reinterpretation of specific experiences of long-term memories. Based on these results, several practical implications were suggested from the viewpoint of museum evaluation.
Type: bulletin (article)
Appears in Collections:科学技術コミュニケーション = Japanese Journal of Science Communication > 12号

Submitter: 『科学技術コミュニケーション』編集委員会

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