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北海道大学国際教育研究センター紀要 = Journal of Center for International Education and Research Hokkaido University >
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Title: 直示と参照に基づく「だけ」と「しか~ない」の意味解釈
Other Titles: Semantic Analysis of Japanese expressions DAKE and SHIKA~NAI from deictic and contextual point of view
Authors: 山下, 好孝1 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Authors(alt): YAMASHITA, Yoshitaka1
Issue Date: Dec-2016
Publisher: 北海道大学国際本部留学生センター
Journal Title: 北海道大学国際教育研究センター紀要
Journal Title(alt): Journal of Center for International Education and Research Hokkaido University
Volume: 20
Start Page: 93
End Page: 102
Abstract: In an earlier paper (Yamashita [2016]) I proposed the need for adeictic and contextual approach in Japanese syntax. In this paper Ianalyze two similar Japanese expressions: DAKE and SHIKA~NAI.Contextual use means that an expression needs to be interpreted withrespect to a reference point in order to be understood appropriately. Useof DAKE presupposes that the noun which it follows is part of a whole,which must be understood as its reference point. In other words Dake isa contextual expression. By contrast SHIKA~NAI has a connotationthat the noun or quantifier which it follows is a small amount or number.This is to say, it is a deictic expression because its use is based on thespeaker’s viewpoint. If the speaker thinks that the amount or numberinvolved is small, SHIKA~NAI can be used. Moreover both theseexpressions, contextual and deictic, can co-occur in the same sentence:Henry DAKE SHIKA tesuto-wo ukeNAKATTA.Finally I claim that these two viewpoints are necessary in variousareas of Japanese syntax and suggest that the approach may be effectivein analyzing WA- and non WA-sentences, or NODA- and non NODAsentences.
Type: bulletin (article)
Appears in Collections:北海道大学国際教育研究センター紀要 = Journal of Center for International Education and Research Hokkaido University > 第20号

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