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北海道大学国際教育研究センター紀要 = Journal of Center for International Education and Research Hokkaido University >
第20号 >


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タイトル: 直示と参照に基づく「だけ」と「しか~ない」の意味解釈
その他のタイトル: Semantic Analysis of Japanese expressions DAKE and SHIKA~NAI from deictic and contextual point of view
著者: 山下, 好孝 著作を一覧する
発行日: 2016年12月
出版者: 北海道大学国際本部留学生センター = Hokkaido University, Office of International Affairs, International Student Center
誌名: 北海道大学国際教育研究センター紀要 = Journal of Center for International Education and Research Hokkaido University
巻: 20
開始ページ: 93
終了ページ: 102
抄録: In an earlier paper (Yamashita [2016]) I proposed the need for adeictic and contextual approach in Japanese syntax. In this paper Ianalyze two similar Japanese expressions: DAKE and SHIKA~NAI.Contextual use means that an expression needs to be interpreted withrespect to a reference point in order to be understood appropriately. Useof DAKE presupposes that the noun which it follows is part of a whole,which must be understood as its reference point. In other words Dake isa contextual expression. By contrast SHIKA~NAI has a connotationthat the noun or quantifier which it follows is a small amount or number.This is to say, it is a deictic expression because its use is based on thespeaker’s viewpoint. If the speaker thinks that the amount or numberinvolved is small, SHIKA~NAI can be used. Moreover both theseexpressions, contextual and deictic, can co-occur in the same sentence:Henry DAKE SHIKA tesuto-wo ukeNAKATTA.Finally I claim that these two viewpoints are necessary in variousareas of Japanese syntax and suggest that the approach may be effectivein analyzing WA- and non WA-sentences, or NODA- and non NODAsentences.
資料タイプ: bulletin (article)


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