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北海道大学大学院教育学研究院紀要 = Bulletin of Faculty of Education, Hokkaido University >
第138号 >


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Title: 大学は民主主義的な価値観を育むのか
Other Titles: Does university education foster democratic values?
Authors: 濱田, 国佑1 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Authors(alt): Hamada, Kunisuke1
Keywords: 権威主義的態度
Authoritarian attitudes
Consciousness of accepting inequality
University education
Intertemporal comparison
Issue Date: 25-Jun-2021
Publisher: 北海道大学大学院教育学研究院
Journal Title: 北海道大学大学院教育学研究院紀要
Journal Title(alt): Bulletin of Faculty of Education, Hokkaido University
Volume: 138
Start Page: 181
End Page: 194
Abstract:  本稿では,大衆化が進んだ大学において民主主義的な価値観がどの程度育まれるのかについて検討を行った。具体的には「リベラル」の対をなす価値観として,「権威主義的態度」および「格差容認意識」の2つの価値意識を設定し,大学教育がこれらの意識に与える効果が1995年から2015年にかけてどのように変化したかを検討した。その結果,特に「権威主義的態度」において,時点間の差異が顕著であり,大学で学ぶことによって権威主義的態度を弱める効果,つまりリベラルな価値観を育む効果は失われつつあることが示唆された。また,1995年時点では,権威主義的態度に対する出身階層の負の影響が,大学教育を受けることで縮小していた。つまり大学教育を受けることで出身階層の高低にかかわらず,非権威主義的な態度が育まれていたのに対し,2015年時点においてこうした傾向は失われていた。
 This paper examines how democratic values are fostered in the popularized university. Specifically, I analyzed two values that are in opposition to "liberal" value: “authoritarian attitudes” and "consciousness of accepting inequality". Firstly, I examined how these attitudes have changed from 1995 to 2015 by birth cohort. The authoritarian attitudes increased significantly from 1995 to 2005, and then remained high from 2005 to 2015 and is particularly strong among younger generations. On the other hand, although the "consciousness of accepting inequality" has not changed significantly, the "consciousness of accepting inequality" is stronger among the younger generation and had increased among the cohorts born in the 1950s and 1960s between 1995 and 2005. Secondly, I examined how the effects of university education on these attitudes changed from 1995 to 2015. The results showed that there was a significant difference between 1995 and 2015, suggesting that university education lost its effect of weakening authoritarian attitudes. Finally, I examined the changing impact of class of origin on authoritarian attitudes. In 1995, the negative effect of class of origin on authoritarian attitudes was reduced by university education. This implies that university education fostered non-authoritarian attitudes regardless of class of origin. However, in 2015, these effects had been lost.
Type: bulletin (article)
Appears in Collections:北海道大学大学院教育学研究院紀要 = Bulletin of Faculty of Education, Hokkaido University > 第138号

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