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臨床心理発達相談室紀要 = Bulletin of Counselling Room for Developmental and Clinical Needs >
第5号 >


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Title: 社会的養護に内在する喪失とそれに伴う悲嘆についての包括的理解と支援に関する理論的検討
Other Titles: A theoretical review about comprehensive understanding and support pertaining to grief and loss in alternative care
Authors: 井出, 智博1 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Authors(alt): Ide, Tomohiro1
Keywords: 社会的養護
Alternative care
Ecological systems theory
Issue Date: 18-Mar-2022
Publisher: 北海道大学大学院教育学研究院 臨床心理発達相談室
Journal Title: 臨床心理発達相談室紀要
Journal Title(alt): Bulletin of Counselling Room for Developmental and Clinical Needs
Volume: 5
Start Page: 33
End Page: 47
Abstract:  里親家庭や児童養護施設など、社会的養護下で暮らす子どもたちはその過程で多くの喪失を経験する。しかし彼らが経験する非死性の喪失は死を伴う喪失に比べて軽視される傾向にあるために、あるいは喪失よりも保護されたことに注目が集まるために、彼らが経験する喪失は十分にケアされず、それに伴う悲嘆は「権利を奪われた悲嘆」として内在化することになる。こうした喪失や悲嘆は問題行動として表面化する場合もあり、適切なケアが必要である。しかし社会的養護では、子どもだけではなく代替養育者も多くの喪失を経験いるにもかかわらず、彼らの喪失もないものにされ、権利を奪われた悲嘆が経験されているため、代替養育者が十分に子どもの喪失をケアすることができない状態にある。本稿ではこうした社会的養護に内在する喪失や悲嘆を包括的に理解し、支援していくために必要な視点について理論的に検討した。
 The children who live in alternative care experience many losses and griefs in their upbringing before, during, and after receiving alternative care. But because of the non-death losses which they experience tend to be less important than the mortal losses, or they are regarded rescue from abusive relationship, the losses have never cared enough. Therefore, the griefs associated with such losses are remained as the disenfranchised griefs in them. Owing to such losses and griefs often become obvious as children’s problematic behavior, they need to be provided with appropriate care. In addition, alternative caregivers (e.g., foster parent; care worker) also experience many losses, but those are disregarded, and they experience the disenfranchised griefs, too. As a result, the alternative caregivers are unable to adequately care for the losses of the children. In this paper, the viewpoints for comprehensive understanding and support to the losses and griefs in alternative care are discussed through the literature review.
Type: bulletin (article)
Appears in Collections:臨床心理発達相談室紀要 = Bulletin of Counselling Room for Developmental and Clinical Needs > 第5号

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